Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS)

Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS) stands at the forefront of the global information technology landscape, pioneering innovative solutions and setting industry benchmarks. Headquartered in Mumbai, TCS is a vital arm of the esteemed Tata Group, operating across 150 locations in 46 countries.

Company Details

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)
NameTata Consultancy Services Limited
AboutTata Consultancy Services (TCS) is a global IT and consulting powerhouse, spearheading digital transformation. With a rich history and innovative solutions, TCS remains a trailblazer in the tech industry.
HeadquartersMumbai, Maharashtra, India
FounderJ. R. D. Tata

With a workforce exceeding 616,000 employees as of September 2023, TCS's unwavering commitment to excellence has propelled it to become the second-largest Indian company by market capitalization. This technology giant has not only established itself as a key player in the IT services arena but has also become a beacon of innovation, contributing significantly to India's technological prowess on the global stage.

About Tata Consultancy Services

Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS) is a prominent Indian multinational information technology (IT) services and consulting company headquartered in Mumbai. Being a vital part of the esteemed Tata Group, TCS operates in 150 locations across 46 countries, showcasing its expansive global presence. As of September 2023, TCS boasts a workforce of over 616,000 employees worldwide, solidifying its position as a key player in the IT industry.

Market Standing and Achievements

As of 2021, TCS held the impressive seventh position on the Fortune India 500 list. In September 2021, the company achieved a significant milestone by recording a market capitalization of US$200 billion, establishing itself as the first Indian IT tech company to reach this valuation.

Additionally, TCS holds the distinction of being the second-largest Indian company by market capitalization, the most valuable IT service brand globally, and the leading Big Tech (India) company. Notably, as of June 2023, TCS stands as the world's second-largest user of U.S. H-1B visas.


1968–2005: Foundation and Early Growth

Founded in 1968 as Tata Computer Systems, TCS originated from a division of Tata Sons Limited. Early contracts included providing punched card services to Tata Steel and working on innovative projects such as the Inter-Branch Reconciliation System for the Central Bank of India. TCS continued to expand its global footprint, collaborating with international partners and acquiring Swiss company TKS Teknosoft.

In 1980, TCS marked a milestone by establishing India's first dedicated software research and development center, the Tata Research Development and Design Centre (TRDDC) in Pune. This era also witnessed the creation of India's first client-dedicated offshore development center, setting the stage for TCS's future growth and innovation.

2005–2016: Public Listing and Market Expansion

On August 25, 2004, TCS became a publicly listed company, further solidifying its presence in the market. In 2005, TCS entered the bioinformatics market, diversifying its services. The company's tagline transitioned from "Beyond the Obvious" to "Experience Certainty." Subsequent years saw TCS's involvement in designing an ERP system for the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation and expanding into the small and medium enterprises market with cloud-based offerings.

2017–2023: Ongoing Innovation and Global Expansion

In January 2017, TCS embarked on a partnership with Aurus, a payments technology company, to deliver cutting-edge payment solutions using TCS OmniStore, a groundbreaking unified store commerce platform. The same year witnessed TCS China forming a joint venture with the Chinese government, highlighting its commitment to global collaboration.

March 2018 marked a strategic move when Tata Sons sold TCS stocks worth $1.25 billion in a bulk deal, showcasing the company's adaptability to market dynamics. TCS continued to garner recognition, receiving the 2019 American Business Awards from Four Stevies, further validating its industry leadership.

On October 8, 2020, TCS surpassed Accenture in market capitalization, becoming the world's most valuable IT company with a market capitalization of $144.73 billion. The momentum continued into 2021, as TCS briefly reclaimed its position as the world's most valuable IT company on January 25, 2021, with a market cap of $170 billion. Simultaneously, TCS emerged as India's most valuable company, surpassing Reliance Industries with a market capitalization of ₹12.55 trillion (equivalent to ₹14 trillion or US$180 billion in 2023).

Notably, TCS has been a significant contributor to employment in India, hiring 43,000 individuals in H1 FY22, solidifying its position as one of the largest job providers in the country.

2021: Strategic Changes and Technological Evolution

Under the leadership of Rajashree R, TCS Chief Marketing Officer (CMO), the company underwent a millennial makeover in 2021. The tagline transitioned from "Experience Certainty" to "Building on Belief," reflecting TCS's commitment to innovation and belief in its capabilities.

Additionally, in May 2021, TCS, alongside consortium partner Neurotechnology, was selected by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) to provide advanced biometric technology for the Aadhaar digital ID program. The Aadhaar program, recognized as the "most sophisticated ID programme in the world" by World Bank Chief Economist Paul Romer, showcases TCS's technological prowess and its role in transformative national initiatives.


In conclusion, Tata Consultancy Services has traversed an extraordinary journey, evolving from its inception in 1968 to become a global leader in information technology and consulting. With a rich history marked by pioneering initiatives, strategic partnerships, and a commitment to technological excellence, TCS continues to shape the digital landscape. As the company forges ahead into the future, its profound impact on the IT industry, global markets, and transformative collaborations remains indelible. TCS's dedication to innovation, coupled with its expansive global footprint, positions it as a dynamic force in the ever-evolving world of technology and business.